AskDefine | Define ground

Dictionary Definition

ground (See grind)

Noun

1 an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or studying excessively [syn: swot, nerd, wonk, dweeb]
2 hard monotonous routine work [syn: drudgery, plodding, donkeywork]
3 the act of grinding to a powder or dust [syn: mill, pulverization, pulverisation]

Verb

1 press or grind with a crunching noise [syn: crunch, cranch, craunch]
2 make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate one's teeth in anger" [syn: grate]
3 reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading; "grind the spices in a mortar"; "mash the garlic" [syn: mash, crunch, bray, comminute]
4 work hard; "She was digging away at her math homework"; "Lexicographers drudge all day long" [syn: labor, labour, toil, fag, travail, drudge, dig, moil]
5 dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way, often while in contact with one's partner such that the dancers' legs are interlaced [also: ground]ground adj : broken or pounded into small fragments; used of e.g. ore or stone; "paved with crushed bluestone"; "ground glass is used as an abrasive" [syn: crushed]

Noun

1 the solid part of the earth's surface; "the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land"; "the earth shook for several minutes"; "he dropped the logs on the ground" [syn: land, dry land, earth, solid ground, terra firma]
2 a rational motive for a belief or action; "the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration" [syn: reason]
3 the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface; "they dug into the earth outside the church" [syn: earth]
4 a relation that provides the foundation for something; "they were on a friendly footing"; "he worked on an interim basis" [syn: footing, basis]
5 a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle); "they gained ground step by step"; "they fought to regain the lost ground"
6 the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground; "he posed her against a background of rolling hills" [syn: background]
7 material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); "the land had never been plowed"; "good agricultural soil" [syn: land, soil]
8 a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused [ant: figure]
9 a connection between an electrical device and the earth (which is a zero voltage) [syn: earth]
10 (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
11 the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface [syn: flat coat, primer, priming, primer coat, priming coat, undercoat]

Verb

1 fix firmly and stably; "anchor the lamppost in concrete" [syn: anchor]
2 confine or restrict to the ground; "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"
3 place or put on the ground
4 instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
5 bring to the ground; "the storm grounded the ship" [syn: run aground]
6 hit or reach the ground [syn: run aground]
7 throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
8 hit a groundball; "he grounded to the second baseman"
9 hit onto the ground
10 cover with a primer; apply a primer to [syn: prime, undercoat]
11 connect to a ground; "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"
12 use as a basis for; found on; "base a claim on some observation" [syn: establish, base, found]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /'gɹaʊnd/, /"graUnd/

Etymology 1

Old English grund

Noun

  1. The surface of the Earth.
  2. Terrain.
  3. Soil, earth.
    The worm crawls through the ground.
  4. The bottom of a body of water.
  5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
  6. Background, context, framework, surroundings.
  7. A soccer stadium.
    Manchester United's ground is known as Old Trafford.
  8. An electrical conductor connected to the ground.
    • The British equivalent is earth.
  9. A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference.
  10. The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; that part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one's ground)
Translations
The surface of the Earth
  • Arabic:
  • Chinese: (dì)
  • Czech: země
  • Dutch: grond, bodem
  • Finnish: maanpinta
  • German: Erdboden
  • Greek: έδαφος
  • Korean: (ttang)
  • Swedish: backe, mark
Soil, earth
  • Chinese: (tǔ)
  • Finnish: maaperä
  • French: terre
  • Greek: έδαφος
  • Korean: (ttang), (heulg, heuk)
  • Swedish: jord, mark
The bottom of a body of water
  • Greek: βυθός
  • Korean: 바닥 (badag, -k), 바다 (bada for sea)
Basis, foundation, groundwork
  • Finnish: peruste, syy
  • Greek: έδαφος
  • Korean: 바탕 (batang)
  • Swedish: grund
Background, context, framework, surroundings
  • Finnish: puitteet, kehys, runko
  • Korean: 바탕 (batang), 테두리 (teduri)
  • Swedish: bakgrund
Electrical conductor connected to point of zero potential
  • Dutch: aarding
  • Greek: γείωση
  • Korean: 접지 (, jeobji)
  • Swedish: jord, jordledare
Electrical point of zero potential
  • Dutch: neuter
  • Korean: 접지 (, jeobji)
  • Swedish: jord

Verb

  1. To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
  2. To require a disobedient child to remain at home or refrain from other privileges such as uses of the Internet, phone, TV, or music, usually as a punishment.
    The teenager's father decided to ground him for two weeks after he broke curfew again.
  3. To forbid (an aircraft or pilot) to fly.
    Because of the bad weather, all flights were grounded.
  4. to hit a ground ball; to hit a ground ball which results in an out. Compare fly (verb(regular)) and line (verb).
    Jones grounded to second in his last at-bat.
  5. (of a batsman) to place his bat, or part of his body, on the ground behind the popping crease so as not to be run out
Translations
To connect an electrical conductor
  • Czech: uzemnit
  • Dutch: aarden
  • Finnish: maattaa, maadoittaa
  • Hungarian: leföldel
  • Swedish: jorda
To require a child to remain at home
To forbid an aircraft or pilot to fly
  • Dutch: vliegverbod opleggen
  • Swedish: belägga med flygförbud, ställa på marken

Etymology 2

Verb

ground
  1. past of grind
    I ground the coffee up nicely.
Synonyms

Extensive Definition

Ground may refer to:
  • The surface of the Earth
  • Soil, a mixture of sand and organic material present on the surface of the Earth
  • Ground (electricity), in electrical engineering, something that is connected to the Earth or at the voltage defined as zero (in the U.S., called ground; in the UK, called earth). See:
  • In surveying, Ground refers to a unit of land approximately equal to 223.2 square meters or 0.0551 acres. This unit is widely used in the Indian real estate parlance.
  • Ground (often grounds), in law, a rational motive, basis for a belief or conviction, for an action taken, such as a legal action or argument; reason or cause: (sued for divorce on the ground of adultery) (listed alcoholism and adultery as the grounds for divorce) (grounds for dismissal)
  • In philosophy, socially grounded arguments are those which take as their starting point social conditions
  • Ground bass, in music, a bass part that continually repeats, while the melody and harmony over it change
  • Ground tissue, one of the three types of tissue systems in a plant
  • Lace ground, the mesh surrounding the design
  • To punish a child by prohibiting them from leaving home and/or restricting other privileges for a specified time period
  • To prohibit a pilot or airplane from flying, such as the national ground stop on September 11, 2001 in the United States.
  • In symbolic logic, a "ground term" is a term with no variables
  • A Football stadium
ground in German: Gelände
ground in French: Terrain
ground in Japanese: グラウンド

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Bassalia, a priori principle, abyss, abyssal zone, acres, affirmation, agora, air brush, airspace, alluvion, alluvium, ambition, amphitheater, angle, antecedent, antecedents, apriorism, arable land, area, arena, argument, art paper, aspiration, assertion, assumed position, assumption, athletic field, auditorium, axiom, back, backdrop, background, base, basement, basin, basis, bathyal zone, beach, bear garden, bearing wall, bed, bedding, bedrock, belt, benthos, billiard table, blow down, blow over, bottom, bottom waters, bottomless depths, bottommost, bowl, bowl down, bowl over, bowling green, boxing ring, branny, bring down, broaden the mind, brush, build, build in, bull ring, bulldog, call, calling, camera lucida, camera obscura, campus, canvas, carpet, cast away, cast down, catechize, categorical proposition, causation, cause, cause and effect, chalk, chalklike, chalky, channel, charcoal, chop down, chromogen, cincture, circus, civilize, clay, clod, close, coach, coat, coat of paint, coating, cockpit, coliseum, color, color filter, color gelatin, colorant, coloring, colosseum, comminute, comminuted, compass, confine, confines, confirm, consideration, container, continental shelf, coop, corridor, coulee, country, course, court, courtyard, cover, crayon, crushed, crust, curtilage, cut down, dash down, data, dead flat, dead level, dead-color, deck, deep-dye, define, delimited field, demonstrate, demonstration, department, deposit, determinant, determinative, detrital, detrited, direct, dirt, disintegrated, distance, distemper, district, division, down, drawing paper, drawing pencil, dregs, drier, drop, dry land, dust, dusty, dye, dyestuff, earth, easel, edify, educate, efflorescent, element, embed, enclave, enclosure, engraft, engrave, enlighten, entrench, environs, esplanade, establish, etch, etiology, evidence, excuse, exterior paint, factor, farinaceous, fell, fetch down, field, fine, first principles, fix, fixative, flaky, flat, flat coat, flat wash, flatland, flatten, floor, floor covering, floor enamel, flooring, floury, fold, fond, footing, forum, found, foundation, freehold, fundament, fundamental, furfuraceous, give instruction, give lessons in, glebe, goal, gone to dust, good reason, grassland, grated, grounds, groundwork, guide, guiding light, guiding star, gym, gymnasium, hall, hardpan, heartland, hew down, hinterland, hippodrome, homaloid, horizontal, horizontal axis, horizontal fault, horizontal line, horizontal parallax, horizontal plane, horizontal projection, hypothesis, hypothesis ad hoc, ideal, illumine, impact, impalpable, implant, impress, imprint, infix, inform, infrastructure, ingrain, initiate, inner space, inscribe, inspiration, install, instruct, insulate, intention, interior paint, invest, isolate, jam, justification, knock down, land, landholdings, lay figure, lay level, lay low, lay out, lay the foundation, ledge, lees, lemma, level, level line, level plane, levigated, list, lists, lithosphere, loam, locale, lodestar, lodge, lowest, mainspring, major premise, marginal land, marketplace, marl, mat, material basis, matter, maulstick, mealy, mean sea level, medium, milieu, milled, minor premise, mise-en-scene, mold, motive, mow down, neighborhood, nethermost, occasion, ocean bottom, ocean depths, ocean floor, offshore rights, opaque color, open forum, open the eyes, organize, pack, paint, paintbrush, palaestra, pale, palette, palette knife, paling, parade ground, park, parquet, part, parterre, parts, pastel, pave, pavement, paving, pelagic zone, pen, pencil, perspective, pestled, philosopheme, pigment, pigments, pile up, pit, pitch, place, plain, plane, plant, platform, position, post, postulate, postulation, postulatum, powdered, powdery, prairie, precinct, precincts, precipitate, precipitation, premise, premises, prepare, presupposition, prime coat, primer, priming, principle, print, prize ring, proof, proposition, propositional function, prostrate, public square, pull down, pulverant, pulverized, pulverulent, purlieu, purlieus, put in, put up, quad, quadrangle, quarter, radical, range, rase, rationale, raze, real estate, real property, rear, reason, reduced to powder, reeducate, region, regolith, right, ring, riprap, rock bottom, rock-bottom, root, rudiment, run aground, sake, salient, scaly, scene, scene of action, scenery, school, scobicular, scobiform, scope, score, scratchboard, scurfy, sea level, sea of grass, seat, section, sediment, send headlong, set, set in, set right, set up, setting, settle, settlings, sharded, sharpen the wits, shipwreck, show, show how, shredded, siccative, sill, site, sketchbook, sketchpad, sod, soil, solid ground, solid rock, source, space, spatula, sphere, spray gun, spread-eagle, spring, square, squared circle, stadium, stage, stage set, stage setting, stain, stamp, stand, standing, statement, station, status, steppe, stereobate, stereotype, stimulus, strand, stump, stylobate, subaerial deposit, subsoil, substance, substratum, substruction, substructure, sumption, supinate, supposal, surfacing, sustain, table, take down, take the ground, teach, teach a lesson, teach the rudiments, tempera, terra, terra firma, terrace, terrain, territory, test, testimony, the country, the deep, the deep sea, the deeps, the depths, theater, theorem, thesis, thinner, three-mile limit, throw, throw down, tilting ground, tiltyard, tinction, tincture, toft, topple, topsoil, train, transparent color, trench, trial, trip, triturated, truth table, truth-function, truth-value, tumble, turf, turpentine, turps, tutor, twelve-mile limit, ulterior motive, underbuilding, undercarriage, undercoat, undercoating, undergirding, undermost, underpinning, understruction, understructure, varnish, vehicle, venue, vest, vicinage, vicinity, viewpoint, vocation, walk, warrant, wash, wash coat, water level, wedge, whack down, wherefore, why, whyfor, woodland, wreck, wrestling ring, yard, zone
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